Renaissance of nuclear energy
- 4th Generation of nuclear power plants
The probable large increase in nuclear power production will cause a correspond increase in the production of nuclear waste: There is a strong international interest presently in the application of non-aqueous processes to treat the radioactive waste. Such processes would have the advantage of higher radiation resistance in the processing material, use of more compact operational equipment and production of smaller amounts of secondary waste.
Strong interest in changing the concept of spent fuel treatment by using “efficient” separations. For example, isolation of longest lived nuclides such as Np-237, I-129, Tc-99, rather than placing them in a repository which would demand their continued isolation of a millennia
Transmutation of long-lived fission products with accelerator driven systems, which are under-critical and produce electrical power